Teaching Your Puppy: Obedience Training Basics
For successful training, practice the next basic training steps with your puppy every day. Keep workout sessions short. Your puppy will see everything as a casino game, so keep him stimulated by changing what he's learning. Do each command for about 5 minutes and get back to it whenever you can.
Practice the commands in lots of different places - in the living room, garden, hall or kitchen, balance out on walks - so that he gets used to responding to you in all sorts of situations. You can use the click strategy to assist with other areas of your puppy's training, such as stimulating him to stand still for grooming and getting him used to touring by car.
Your pup will learn rapidly and react to love and affection as well as rewards. Obedience training will help build a long lasting bond between your couple and you will be rewarded with a happy, well-trained dog.
Giving in to your puppy's every need is not a good thing. As your pup increases, so will his need to assert himself. Puppies often choose mealtimes as a battleground. But giving in to him is a mistake. You need to ensure he understands that you will not react to his every demand.
Your puppy needs to learn that people around him, particularly small kids, can be a bit unpredictable. But he must accept that their unpredictable behavior is not threatening. You are able to help him do this by imitating a child's behavior. Try stepping quickly towards his dish - then drop in a delicacy. Carefully bump into him, while he's eating, or roll toys close by - anything to cause a distraction, but drop a treat in the bowl to incentive him for carrying on to eat calmly. Do this every so often, but not at every meal. If your puppy freezes mid-mouthful, growls or glares at you, stop and try again another time. If this continues, it's best to seek advice from a veterinary behaviorist or certified dog trainer.
Reading your puppy's body gestures
Dogs have always communicated with each other by using body language. This involves cosmetic expressions, body postures, sounds and scents. Dogs will use their mouth area, eye, ears and tail to express feelings. By learning how to interpret your puppy's body language, you can interpret your puppy's intentions.
Signs of aggression or submission
If your puppy is feeling brave or aggressive, he'll try to make himself larger by standing tall, with his ears and tail sticking upright
. He'll also force out his chest and improve the hair on his neck and back. He might also growl and wave his tail slowly.
On the other hand, a submissive dog will attempt to make himself appear small and become a puppy. This is because an adult dog will "tell off" a pup but not strike him. Submission will need the form of a sideways crouch near the ground, his tail held low but wagging away. He might also make an effort to lick the facial skin
of the dominant dog or human being. He may even roll on his back again.
Your puppy's tail
Most of us know that tail wagging is an indicator of friendliness and pleasure, but the tail can indicate other moods, too.
The standard way a puppy holds his tail varies from breed to breed but generally speaking, a tail held higher than 45 levels to the back expresses alertness and interest.
In case your puppy's tail is waved slowly and stiffly, that's a manifestation of anger. If it's clamped low over his hindquarters, this means your pet is afraid. An stressed or nervous dog may droop his tail but wag it stiffly.
Your puppy's eyes
If your dog's eye are half closed, that is clearly a indication of pleasure or submission, while eye wide open can indicate aggression.
In the wild, dogs stare at one another until one backs down or makes a challenge, and that means you should never try to outstare your puppy, especially if he's nervous.
Your puppy's smile
Submissive dogs plus some breeds such as Labradors often open up their mouths in some sort of lop-sided "grin", and indeed, it is an indicator of friendliness. However when lips are drawn back tightly to bare the teeth, that's aggression, make no mistake.
Attempting to play
If your puppy wants to play, he'll raise a paw or bow down and bark to attract attention. Or he might supply a toy, or bound up to another dog to get him to join in a chase.
How your dog sees you
Your pup will watch you to read your body signals more than he'll pay attention to you, and he'll quickly learn what you're feeling even without you speaking.
If you want to improve communication with your pup, you can improve upon your own body language. For example, crouching down with arms opened out is a welcome indication while towering over him and staring is a sign of threat.
How your puppy learns
Your pup will learn rapidly, so it's important that he learns how to behave properly immediately.
Dogs learn by association, so if your puppy will something good, reward him. Then the action is much more likely to be repeated. However the pay back must be linked to the action, so he must be rewarded quickly, within another or two. The prize itself can be considered a few kibbles of puppy food or praise, or both.
Your puppy needs to be taught what he can and cannot do. Some safe behaviors can be ignored, but potentially dangerous ones need to be handled immediately by interrupting the behavior with a sharpened "no" to get his attention - be certain to praise him when he stops and pays attention to you. Shouting or hitting will not help your puppy learn.
Understanding barking and whining
Barking is a totally natural facet of a dog's behavior, nevertheless, you, your family and your neighbors will be happier when you can take it under control.
It's hardly surprising many folks have barking issues with their dogs, since most dogs have no idea whether barking is something good or bad. That's because our reaction to his barking is complicated to the dog. In his eye, when he barks, he's sometimes ignored, while at other times he's shouted at to avoid, and on the other hand he might be urged to bark if, for example, there's a suspicious stranger close by.
To help your dog know when barking is acceptable, you just need to instruct him that he might bark until he is told to stop. "Stop barking" should be considered as a command for obedience rather than a telling off.
Start the training by letting your dog bark several times, praise him for sounding the alarm, then say "Stop barking" and hold out a treat in front of him. Your pet names
will stop immediately if only due to the fact that he can't sniff the treat while barking. After a couple of seconds of noiseless, give him the incentive. Gradually boost the time from when the barking stops to the offering of the reward.
If you are worried about excessive barking that you have no control over, you should talk to your vet about next steps, such as specialist training or therapy.
If you comfort your pup whenever he whines, it could actually make things worse. It'll make your pup think he's being praised for whining, and get him into the habit of repeating it for your devotion.
You are able to help your puppy figure out how to stop whining by not g,oing to him when he whines. By ignoring your puppy, and only providing him attention and praise when he halts whining, he'll learn that whining and whimperig is not the way to earn your acceptance.